Risk of Recurrence of Hematemesis BLATCHFORD Score Calculator

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Risk of Recurrence of Hematemesis BLATCHFORD Score Calculator

The Blatchford score, or Glasgow-Blatchford, is used to stratify the risk of rebleeding and the need for intervention in the context of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The score is between 0 and 23. Patients with a score of 0 are defined as having a low risk of bleeding.

Hematemesis What is it?

Hematemesis is the rejection of blood of digestive origin by the mouth, most often during vomiting.

Causes and risk factors

The causes of gastrointestinal bleeding are numerous:

Hemorrhage by rupture of esophageal varices: the questioning of the patient or his entourage makes it possible to find the notion of a former alcoholism and the biological examinations find an alteration in the function of the liver. Esophageal varices are a pathology observed in cirrhotic subjects;

Peptic ulcer: the interrogation finds a history of stomach pain subsided by meals;

Gastro-toxic drugs (some drugs are toxic to the stomach: aspirin and other anti-inflammatories);

Other causes are rarer: Mallory-Weiss syndrome, hiatal hernias, benign or malignant tumours.

It should be noted that these causes can of course be associated in the same patient.