Sodium Deficit On Hyponatremia Calculator

kg
mmol/l
mmol/l
Type of patient:



+ deficit: : mEq
is : grams of Na+

+ requirements for target: mEq
is : grams of+
or NaCl needs: : grams

Sodium Deficit On Hyponatremia

Hyponatremia is a pathological condition characterized by a lack of sodium (“natrium” in Latin) in the blood. It appears when the levels drop below 130 mmol/L. Through the phenomena of osmosis, the extracellular liquid will penetrate into the intracellular medium to rebalance the sodium concentrations. Hyponatremia can then cause neurological disorders that can lead to loss of consciousness or coma in the most serious cases.

Causes of hyponatremia

There are several causes of hyponatremia, including:

a lack of sodium, by excessive loss or insufficient intake. Certain medications, such as diuretics, can cause this. Other factors such as nephropathy (kidney dysfunction) are sometimes involved;

an excess of water, the retention of water in the extracellular medium resulting in an excessive dilution of sodium. Potomania, a disease that consists of drinking excessively, also explains it.