Measured Creatinine Clearance Calculator


Clearance: ml/mn

What is creatinine clearance?

Creatinine clearance is a clinical measurement used to assess the filtration rate of the kidneys. It involves determining the ratio between the rate at which creatinine, a waste product generated by muscle metabolism, is eliminated from the body through urine and its concentration in the blood.

Creatinine is primarily filtered out of the blood by the kidneys and excreted in the urine, making it a useful marker for estimating renal function. By measuring the clearance of creatinine, healthcare professionals can evaluate how effectively the kidneys are filtering waste products from the blood.

The creatinine clearance test takes into account various factors such as age, sex, weight, height, cardiac and renal function, and the influence of certain medications (such as salicylates, cimetidine, trimethoprim, probenecid, etc.). These factors are considered during the interpretation of the test results to provide a more accurate assessment of kidney function.

Creatinine clearance is often used as an indicator of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which is a measure of the overall kidney function. It helps healthcare providers diagnose and monitor conditions such as chronic kidney disease, acute kidney injury, and assess the effectiveness of treatments aimed at preserving or improving renal function.

Why prescribe creatinine clearance?

Creatinine clearance is prescribed in several situations to assess kidney function and determine the filtration rate of the kidneys. Some common reasons for prescribing creatinine clearance include:

  1. Suspected Kidney Disease: If a person exhibits symptoms or risk factors for kidney disease, such as persistent high blood pressure, diabetes, or urinary abnormalities, creatinine clearance may be ordered to evaluate kidney function and identify any impairment or damage.

  2. Medication Prescription: Certain medications, especially those that are primarily eliminated by the kidneys, require normal kidney function for safe and effective use. Before prescribing such medications, healthcare providers may request creatinine clearance to ensure that the kidneys can adequately clear the drug from the body without causing potential toxicity.

  3. Assessment of Renal Blood Flow: In individuals with heart disease or conditions that may reduce renal blood flow, creatinine clearance can be helpful in evaluating kidney function. Reduced blood flow to the kidneys can lead to decreased filtration rate and impaired kidney function.

  4. Monitoring Kidney Health: If an initial blood test reveals elevated blood levels of creatinine, which is a waste product filtered by the kidneys, creatinine clearance may be ordered to further evaluate kidney function and determine the extent of kidney impairment.

By prescribing creatinine clearance, healthcare professionals can gain valuable insights into the status of kidney function and assess any potential abnormalities or diseases affecting the kidneys. This information aids in diagnosis, treatment decisions, and monitoring the progression or improvement of kidney-related conditions.

Measured Creatinine Clearance

Creatinine clearance is a measurement that provides an estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and overall renal function. It represents the plasma clearance coefficient, which is the volume of plasma completely cleared of creatinine by the kidneys per unit of time.

In a state of equilibrium with a stable plasma concentration (P) of creatinine, the amount of creatinine filtered by the kidneys (P x Clearance) is equal to the amount eliminated in the urine (product of urinary concentration U and urine volume V).

The clearance can be calculated using the following formula:

Clearance = (U x V) / P


  • U represents the urinary concentration of creatinine,
  • V represents the urine volume over a specific time period, and
  • P represents the plasma concentration of creatinine.

By measuring the urinary concentration of creatinine, collecting urine over a specific time period, and measuring the plasma concentration of creatinine, healthcare providers can calculate the creatinine clearance. This value helps estimate the glomerular filtration rate and assess the overall function of the kidneys. Creatinine clearance is commonly used in clinical practice to evaluate kidney function, diagnose renal disorders, monitor disease progression, and adjust medication dosages.